Tag: Pest Facts (page 1 of 2)

Study Confirms Cockroach Bait Alone Improves Asthma Outcomes

Cockroach Bait Alone Improves Asthma Outcomes, New Study Shows

Recently a study was published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology  and found that by putting cockroach bait in homes, it reduced the amount of pests significantly and children had almost 50 fewer days with asthma symptoms a year.

The study followed 102 children with moderate to severe asthma living in the greater New Orleans area for a year. Most families (92%) had a household income of less than $25,000. In homes that were being treated with cockroach bait, technicians would visit every two to three months and place bait in the kitchen, living room and the child’s bedroom.

“Cockroach exposure is an important contributor to asthma disparities which, despite an overall trend for stabilization in prevalence, continues to rise among the poor,” said Felicia Rabito, PhD, Associate Professor of Epidemiology at Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. “Identifying interventions that result in clinical benefits and that are affordable, and feasible for low-income families are urgently needed.”

Children in homes being treated had better health outcomes. On average, they had 47 fewer days with asthma symptoms over the course of a year. Conversely, children with a cockroach allergy in untreated homes were significantly more likely to miss school and have unscheduled emergency department visits.

American Pest Control offers treatment for roaches of different kinds, inside and outside your home. Contact American Pest Control to have a certified technician inspect your home for any infestations that could be detrimental to the health of you or your family.  To learn more, access the study “Single Component intervention for cockroach control reduces cockroach exposure and asthma morbidity in children.”

reference: http://www.pctonline.com/article/cockroach-bait-improves-asthma-outcomes/

Bed Bugs Facts

Bed Bugs have become a huge issue in the United States over the past 20 years. For many, you may go your entire life never having an issue with bed bugs. But American Pest Control knows that for those who have been affected, there are almost no worse infestations to endure than that of bed bugs.

We have observed an influx of bed bug infestations and continue to provide our pest control services in the Northeast regions of Georgia. Our bed bug treatment method is outlined on our main website.

Bed bugs are nocturnal, which is convenient for them since the time people spend in bed is most commonly during the night! They feed on blood and they leave behind irritated and itchy bite marks. They are typically around 3-5mm long with a flat, oval-shaped body. When they are hungry (unfed) they are a rusty brown color but grow in size and turn more red-brown after feeding. Bed bugs can reproduce rapidly.

Wherever there is a host for them to feed from, you can find bed bugs, literally. In homes, you can typically find them near pipes, seams of furniture, tags of mattresses and box springs, and in the cracks on the bed frame and head board. Where there are severe infestations, bed bugs are found in the seams of chairs, between couch cushions, in the folds of curtains, in drawer joints, under loose wall paper… the list goes on.

Bed bugs are attracted to heat and the carbon dioxide given off by potential feeding sources. The most common time they feed is between 1 and 4 AM. After feeding, they retreat to their hiding places to digest and usually feed every 5 to 10 days. Bed bugs are typically brought into a home by hitching a ride on suitcases, furniture, and clothing and disembarking once in the home.

More Pests To Watch Out For Part 2

Bees

Bees do a lot of good. They pollinate flowering plants, provide humans with delicious honey, and help regulate other inset pest species. However, they can certainly be a nuisance and even a medical concern because of their sting – so many people are allergic to it these days. Control should be taken ONLY in places where the bee problem needs immediate attention.

Carpenter Bees

They are mostly a bother because they like to nest in wood. They prefer dry, unpainted wood, but they will absolutely nest in any other type of wood if available. Carpenter bees look very similar to Bumble bees but the males do not have stingers. The appropriate pesticides can take care of an infestation.

Flies

Both a nuisance and a health risk, flies can carry disease-causing organisms. The first step to treating a fly infestation is identifying what kind of flies are present:

Fruit Flies

These flies like to lay their fruit on…? You guessed it! Fruit. These little tan to brownish to black colored bugs usually measure to be 1/8th of an inch long. They are also potential disease carriers and are attracted to fresh fruit, vegetables, and organic matter. If you removed their breeding site, you can essentially remove fruit flies. However, if they are coming in from an outside source, a small mesh screen or bait jar traps can be effective. If an infestation persists, pesticides and a professional should be considered.

House Flies

Also named for their common characteristics, house flies are mostly found inside and around homes. They are also risks for disease organisms. Grey in color with dark stripes on their back, house flies are attracted to smells, moist areas where they can lay eggs ans air currents from buildings. To properly deal with house flies, clean the areas most effected and apply the correct pesticide.

More Pests To Watch Out For Part 1

Silverfish

There’s a reason they are called SilverFISH and it is because these insects actually look like little fish with silvery scales all over. They grow up to be 1/2 to 3/4 of an inch long. You may have an infestation on your property if you see the following: feeding marks, yellow stains and black pepper-looking feces on wall paper, labels, and envelops. You may find silverfish anywhere in a commercial or residential building. Silverfish prefer warm and humid environments.

Springtails

SpringTAILS are named after the little spring-like structure that allows them to literally SPRING and jump around. They are truly a nuisance, preferring high moisture locales, where they can eat decaying vegetation, bacteria, pollen, algae, etc. Constantly on the search for moisture, springtails are most commonly found in bathrooms, kitchens, and small dark spaces like potted plants and crawl spaces. Springtails are also found outdoors in damp places like mulch piles, leaf piles, and logs. An easy fix for a springtail infestation is drying out the areas affected. If the area cannot be dried out completely, a pesticide should be used.

Scorpions

If you are stung by a scorpion, seek medical attention immediately. Scorpions are a nuisance pest, they are generally 2 to 4 inches long, and have a stinger at the end of their tail-like structure. Scorpions are most commonly found in the Southwest some other Southern regions of the United Stats. They are predatory creatures and hunt their prey at night. During the day, they opt to hide under objects like rocks, logs, and debris or inside burrows and sandboxes. You may find a scorpion in your attic, bathroom, or in folded clothes and blankets. A scorpion infestation is generally tackled by removing the objects that they like to hide under, by drying out damp environments, and by cutting off their food source. If they are not eliminated, a pesticide may be applied.

Ticks

Just like in our American Pest Control Flea article, we believe it is the smallest pests that scare people the most. Ticks, for example, are another kind of pest that freak people out to no end. However, there are steps that can be taken to help someone with a tick problem in their home or on their property.

Ticks are parasites that feed off of the blood of mammal hosts and are a serious problem because they often carry diseases such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tick paralysis, Colorado tick fever, and more.

While ticks are found across the globe, they are particularly present in warm and damp climates. When in wooded areas, be sure to be cautious and check your skin after leaving. If you see a tick, carefully remove it with tweezers and disinfect the area.

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Lone Star Ticks

Lone Stars are distinct in that they have a silver spot on their oval-shaped, blackish brown bodies. They also attack more humans than any other kind of tick in the southeastern parts of the United States and are most often found in damp, dark areas. Lone Star ticks are carriers of tularemia and cause tick-paralysis. They have also been known to carry Rocky Mountain spotted fever and lyme disease.

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Deer or “Blacklegged” Tick

Named for their distinct black legs that do not match their lighter-colored, orangish-brown body, the Blacklegged tick prefers the white-tailed deer as a host to feed on. Found across the eastern and mid-atlantic states, these ticks are found primarily in vegetation along transitional areas like forest edges. Deer ticks carry Lyme, anaplasmosis, and babesiosis.

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American Dog Tick

You guessed it: these ticks are found exclusively in North America and they prefer to feed on dogs. However, they are most often found on dogs and humans. Oval shaped, brown, and speckled with light grey markings, the American Dog tick also carries Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

Fleas

Sometimes the scariest, most stressful pests are the smallest ones. Maybe it’s because we can’t see them as easily, so we can’t know for sure if there are just a few or a colony of them.

American Pest Control

Fleas in particular are a problem for homes, especially ones with pets or in rural farm areas. Fleas are known for leaving bites in their wake, but they also can carry several diseases so keeping an eye out for them is definitely advised.

When it comes to what American Pest Control can do to help with your flea issues, treatment includes managing wildlife around your home and property, treatment of your pets as well as any indoor and outdoor pesticide treatment necessary.

Cat Fleas

The most domestic flea is the Cat flea. While the name suggests otherwise, cat fleas dwell on both cats and dogs. They appear brownish black and can jump up to a distance of 6 inches. Cat fleas are known to carry the plague and tapeworms.

Dog Fleas

Also suggesting otherwise, dog fleas dwell on both dogs and rabbits! They look very similar to cat fleas, being mostly black and brown colored. Found primarily around where animals live, dog fleas do not need to enter a home on another animal. Also like cat fleas, dog fleas can carry the plague, tapeworms, as well as the typhus disease.

Human Fleas

The human flea is found primarily on humans living in poor sanitary conditions. However, they can also infest pets and other domesticated animals. Reddish brown in color, human flea bites are found on the body other than on the lower legs, where other flea bites are typically found. These bites can cause dermatitis and allergic reactions.

Oriental Rat Fleas

Notorious for transferring the bubonic plague from rats to humans, oriental rat fleas are found all across the world and in the United States, particularly in seaports and areas where international shipments are processed. Also reddish brown in color, like the human flea, but they favor rats as their primary food source.

Spiders

Most spiders are harmless and just feed on other insects. However, there are two spiders that are considered dangerous to humans: Black Widows and Brown Recluses.

Here we will discuss these two spiders as well as House Spiders and Wolf spiders!

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Black Widow

The name sounds ominous because it is thought that Black Widow females will eat the male after mating, but this only rarely happens. Black Widows have round, spherical bodies that are black with a red, hourglass shape on it. Young Black Widows are mostly orange and white and grow darker with maturity.  They are most commonly found in sheltered areas like under rocks, in wood piles, under decks, in rodent holes, and occasionally in dense foliage. If found indoors, they are usually seen in cluttered garages and basements.

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Brown Recluse

Named for its size and color, the Brown Recluse grows only to be about 1/4-1/2 an inch with a tan to dark brown body, with a darker mark on its neck. They feed on small, live insects and are found under rocks, boxes, woodpiles, etc. If inside, they are usually dwelling in secluded areas among boxes, papers, clothing, and crevices.

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House Spider (Southern house)

While the house spider is not dangerous, they are nuisances because of their webs, and are usually found indoors. They vary in color from off white, to yellow brown, to black, with stripes. Their webs are mostly found in humid, secluded and inactive areas of the home like garages, barns, upper corners, and under furniture. Their webs can easily be removed with vacuums.

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Wolf Spider

The Wolf spider may be scary looking and sounding – they are big and hairy – but they cause no real threat to humans. They are dark brown with grey marks. Unlike most other spider species, the Wolf spider actually hunts and chases their prey, usually at night. They dwell in sheltered areas like burrows, wood piles, decks, etc. They might get in to your property while chasing prey, and might not be eager to leave once they’re inside. Glueboards placed along walls, furniture, and doorways helps get rid of Wolf spiders.

Mosquitoes

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Mosquitos come like clockwork when the temperatures get warmer, and as you would like to spend a beautiful evening outside as the weather gets better, so do the mosquitoes.

Heath issues caused by these pests are what makes them so detestable and threatening. It is possible to diminish the presence of mosquitoes through source reduction treatment.

In Georgia specifically, over $125 million is spent annually toward efforts to reduce the threat of disease caused by mosquitoes. In the state alone, there are over 63 species of mosquitoes.

Mosquitoes can range from 1/8 to 3/8 of an inch in length, with two wings, a body, and scale-covered legs. They come in a range of colors from gray to black to brown, and some are speckled with while, silver, green, or blue scales. They have a beak with sucking/puncturing mouth parts.

Typically, male mosquitoes feed on sugary substances, especially nectars in their environment. Females also feed on nectar and sugars, however, they must feed on blood before they lay their eggs because the protein in the blood is needed for mosquito egg development.

Unfortunately, mosquito season in Georgia is very long, typically starting around March and lasting almost the entire remainder of the year if temperatures stay on the warm side. The peak months for highest mosquito activity is from June to September. The peak hours of the day that you’re mostly likely to be bitten by mosquitoes are between dusk and dawn, not that there aren’t mosquitoes that are active during the day – there definitely are.

Areas around stagnant or standing water where egg, larval, and pupal development take place is where you will find the highest concentration of mosquitoes. Removing sources of water, naturally occurring or otherwise, can aid in the minimization of mosquito prevalence.

Mosquitoes are considered one of the country’s most dangerous pests, so if you have a mosquito problem, do not wait to contact American Pest Control to learn about our mosquito reduction method.

Roaches

Roaches. Just saying the word makes many people squirm. They aren’t just city-dwelling pests. Cockroaches have existed for over 400 million years. They are basically the longest living fossils.

Not only are roaches just plain disgusting and a bother to deal with, they have been linked spreading E-coli, strep, staph infections, and food poisoning. Attracted to any food or substance that will give them nutrition, roaches often occur in groups. To help prevent against an infestation, you should keep your home clean with minimal food being left around or food residue going uncleaned.

Here are a few kinds of cockroaches:

American cockroach american pest control

American

A.k.a: waterbug, palmetto bug. While they are called “American” cockroaches, they are actually not from the United States. These red-brown and fully winged bugs really came to America via trade ships arriving from Africa. Found in a variety of environments, these are primarily found in restaurants, stores that sell food, and processing plants.

german cockroach american pest control

German

The most common type of cockroach, the german roach is found all over the world, and is known to carry pathogens and cause allergic reactions in people. Found primarily in kitchens and bathrooms, they prefer warm, humid environments. They are identified by their light brown-tan coloring with two stripes down their back.

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Oriental

Another interesting name anomaly, the oriental roach is not from the “oriental” regions of the globe, but from North America and found all over the world. Known also as a black beetle or a water bug, they are usually shiny and black or red-brown. An outdoor roach, they are found under rocks, vegetation, and debris. They usually only enter buildings and structures if they are attracted to a food source there.

smokybrown cockroach american pest control

Smokybrown

Sometimes it’s in the name. This roach is a smoky-brown color, not native to the United States, they are found primarily in the south. These are probably the most harmful type of roach because they often cause allergic reactions in people with asthma and carry allergens that may cause rhinitis and skin irritation in people.

Fire Ants

fire ant american pest control

No, fire ants do not go around making things go up in flame or bursting into little, mini bonfires. These ants are given their name because of the burning sensation you are left with from the venom injected into your skin when they sting you and the little, annoyingly itchy bite left behind after.

Fire ants swarm over anything that disturbs their nest, proving painful if you accidentally step on one. They can also cause problems with crops and gardens, buildings, and electrical equipment.

To learn more about American Pest Control’s method for dealing with fire ants, check out our fire ant treatment method.

Now for a little bit about the most common kinds of fire ants in the U.S.:

southern fire ant american pest control

Southern Fire Ant

Scientific name: Solenopsis xyloni. Indigenous to the United States and found along the southern east coast, along the Gulf coast, and as west as California. The top half (head and thorax) of these ants are usually yellow-red and their bottom halves (abdomen) are black. Either found as a huge mound of ants or, most commonly, under something that functions as shelter: rocks, wood, etc.

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Tropical Fire Ant

Scientific name: Solenopsis geminate. Also a native species from the United States, the tropical fire ant is found in the a southeastern region spanning from North Carolina to Texas. Very similar to the southern fire ant, these ants also nest in mounds and under objects like decaying wood and around vegetation.

red imported fire ant american pest control

Red Imported Fire Ants

Scientific name: Solenopsis invicta. Introduced to the United States in the 1930’s from South America via transported shipments, these little invaders like to colonize in open spaces, usually recently cleared land with direct sunlight access. Red imported fire ants also colonize in mounds that can get to be 24 inches wide and 18 inches tall! They also spread and swarm at an extremely rapid rate. You would not want to accidentally disturb one of these ant mounds.