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Spiders

Most spiders are harmless and just feed on other insects. However, there are two spiders that are considered dangerous to humans: Black Widows and Brown Recluses.

Here we will discuss these two spiders as well as House Spiders and Wolf spiders!

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Black Widow

The name sounds ominous because it is thought that Black Widow females will eat the male after mating, but this only rarely happens. Black Widows have round, spherical bodies that are black with a red, hourglass shape on it. Young Black Widows are mostly orange and white and grow darker with maturity.  They are most commonly found in sheltered areas like under rocks, in wood piles, under decks, in rodent holes, and occasionally in dense foliage. If found indoors, they are usually seen in cluttered garages and basements.

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Brown Recluse

Named for its size and color, the Brown Recluse grows only to be about 1/4-1/2 an inch with a tan to dark brown body, with a darker mark on its neck. They feed on small, live insects and are found under rocks, boxes, woodpiles, etc. If inside, they are usually dwelling in secluded areas among boxes, papers, clothing, and crevices.

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House Spider (Southern house)

While the house spider is not dangerous, they are nuisances because of their webs, and are usually found indoors. They vary in color from off white, to yellow brown, to black, with stripes. Their webs are mostly found in humid, secluded and inactive areas of the home like garages, barns, upper corners, and under furniture. Their webs can easily be removed with vacuums.

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Wolf Spider

The Wolf spider may be scary looking and sounding – they are big and hairy – but they cause no real threat to humans. They are dark brown with grey marks. Unlike most other spider species, the Wolf spider actually hunts and chases their prey, usually at night. They dwell in sheltered areas like burrows, wood piles, decks, etc. They might get in to your property while chasing prey, and might not be eager to leave once they’re inside. Glueboards placed along walls, furniture, and doorways helps get rid of Wolf spiders.

Mosquitoes

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Mosquitos come like clockwork when the temperatures get warmer, and as you would like to spend a beautiful evening outside as the weather gets better, so do the mosquitoes.

Heath issues caused by these pests are what makes them so detestable and threatening. It is possible to diminish the presence of mosquitoes through source reduction treatment.

In Georgia specifically, over $125 million is spent annually toward efforts to reduce the threat of disease caused by mosquitoes. In the state alone, there are over 63 species of mosquitoes.

Mosquitoes can range from 1/8 to 3/8 of an inch in length, with two wings, a body, and scale-covered legs. They come in a range of colors from gray to black to brown, and some are speckled with while, silver, green, or blue scales. They have a beak with sucking/puncturing mouth parts.

Typically, male mosquitoes feed on sugary substances, especially nectars in their environment. Females also feed on nectar and sugars, however, they must feed on blood before they lay their eggs because the protein in the blood is needed for mosquito egg development.

Unfortunately, mosquito season in Georgia is very long, typically starting around March and lasting almost the entire remainder of the year if temperatures stay on the warm side. The peak months for highest mosquito activity is from June to September. The peak hours of the day that you’re mostly likely to be bitten by mosquitoes are between dusk and dawn, not that there aren’t mosquitoes that are active during the day – there definitely are.

Areas around stagnant or standing water where egg, larval, and pupal development take place is where you will find the highest concentration of mosquitoes. Removing sources of water, naturally occurring or otherwise, can aid in the minimization of mosquito prevalence.

Mosquitoes are considered one of the country’s most dangerous pests, so if you have a mosquito problem, do not wait to contact American Pest Control to learn about our mosquito reduction method.

Rodents

Think you may have a rodent problem on your property. Not to worry… give American Pest Control a call and we will help you with all of your pest issues!

In the meantime, here are some facts about various kinds of rodents you may find in or on your property.

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Norway Rat

The biggest of all the rodents, the Norway rat can damage your property, eat and spoil your food, and are known for carrying diseases. Growing to be up to 7-9.5 inches long, they generally have brown-black fur. Signs of infestation: gnaw marks, droppings, burrows, damaged goods, etc. While they enjoy meat and dry foods like cereal and dog food the best, they will eat anything. Nests are commonly found around embankments, sewers, basements, and less commonly, attics.

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Roof Rat

Roof rats are essentially very similar to Norway rats but are commonly smaller. They differ in that roof rats are nocturnal and live in colonies. Nests are found in the upper ares of trees and buildings. They also eat most anything, but prefer nuts, seeds, berries, and insects.

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House Mouse

The most common house pest, house mice, also damage materials, eat and contaminate your food, and carry diseases. They grow to about 3 inches and are a brownish grey with a white belly. With the same signs of infestation as the above rodents, they also prefer to eat seeds and insects. They nest in dark, secluded places because they are nocturnal.

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White-footed Mouse

Primarily causing structural damage, white-footed mice are primarily found in rural and wooded areas. They are nocturnal and can carry hantavirus. They are known to enter homes and garages during the coldest months, nesting in sheltered nooks and crannies.

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Deer Mouse

Like the house mice, deer mice are structural pests and are most commonly found in rural areas or suburban homes near woods. They also carry the hantavirus and should be considered a medical risk. Typically 3 or 4 inches long, they are pale grey to red brown. Nocturnal creatures, deer mice nest in trees, logs, abandoned nests, storage boxes, furniture, cabinets, corners, and attics, They eat insects, seeds, nuts, fruit, and other small animals. They also cause damage to the structure in which they inhabit and to whatever is inside said structure, like food and other goods.

Roaches

Roaches. Just saying the word makes many people squirm. They aren’t just city-dwelling pests. Cockroaches have existed for over 400 million years. They are basically the longest living fossils.

Not only are roaches just plain disgusting and a bother to deal with, they have been linked spreading E-coli, strep, staph infections, and food poisoning. Attracted to any food or substance that will give them nutrition, roaches often occur in groups. To help prevent against an infestation, you should keep your home clean with minimal food being left around or food residue going uncleaned.

Here are a few kinds of cockroaches:

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American

A.k.a: waterbug, palmetto bug. While they are called “American” cockroaches, they are actually not from the United States. These red-brown and fully winged bugs really came to America via trade ships arriving from Africa. Found in a variety of environments, these are primarily found in restaurants, stores that sell food, and processing plants.

german cockroach american pest control

German

The most common type of cockroach, the german roach is found all over the world, and is known to carry pathogens and cause allergic reactions in people. Found primarily in kitchens and bathrooms, they prefer warm, humid environments. They are identified by their light brown-tan coloring with two stripes down their back.

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Oriental

Another interesting name anomaly, the oriental roach is not from the “oriental” regions of the globe, but from North America and found all over the world. Known also as a black beetle or a water bug, they are usually shiny and black or red-brown. An outdoor roach, they are found under rocks, vegetation, and debris. They usually only enter buildings and structures if they are attracted to a food source there.

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Smokybrown

Sometimes it’s in the name. This roach is a smoky-brown color, not native to the United States, they are found primarily in the south. These are probably the most harmful type of roach because they often cause allergic reactions in people with asthma and carry allergens that may cause rhinitis and skin irritation in people.

Fire Ants

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No, fire ants do not go around making things go up in flame or bursting into little, mini bonfires. These ants are given their name because of the burning sensation you are left with from the venom injected into your skin when they sting you and the little, annoyingly itchy bite left behind after.

Fire ants swarm over anything that disturbs their nest, proving painful if you accidentally step on one. They can also cause problems with crops and gardens, buildings, and electrical equipment.

To learn more about American Pest Control’s method for dealing with fire ants, check out our fire ant treatment method.

Now for a little bit about the most common kinds of fire ants in the U.S.:

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Southern Fire Ant

Scientific name: Solenopsis xyloni. Indigenous to the United States and found along the southern east coast, along the Gulf coast, and as west as California. The top half (head and thorax) of these ants are usually yellow-red and their bottom halves (abdomen) are black. Either found as a huge mound of ants or, most commonly, under something that functions as shelter: rocks, wood, etc.

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Tropical Fire Ant

Scientific name: Solenopsis geminate. Also a native species from the United States, the tropical fire ant is found in the a southeastern region spanning from North Carolina to Texas. Very similar to the southern fire ant, these ants also nest in mounds and under objects like decaying wood and around vegetation.

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Red Imported Fire Ants

Scientific name: Solenopsis invicta. Introduced to the United States in the 1930’s from South America via transported shipments, these little invaders like to colonize in open spaces, usually recently cleared land with direct sunlight access. Red imported fire ants also colonize in mounds that can get to be 24 inches wide and 18 inches tall! They also spread and swarm at an extremely rapid rate. You would not want to accidentally disturb one of these ant mounds.

Ant Facts

Ants inhabit every household. Sometimes they go unnoticed and do not cause any problems for homeowners. However, this is unfortunately not always the case.

If you’re experiencing an ant infestation or noticing an influx of ants in or around your home, you may want to contact American Pest Control to aid in the extermination and prevention of your problem.

Here are a few different kinds of ants you may be seeing around your home and property:

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Argentine Ant

Also known as the Linepithema humile, this ant is native to, you guessed it, Argentina (as well as Brazil and Uruguay). Mostly prevalent in the American South, these insects come in a variety of  shades of brown and do not have a stinger. These ants’ nests are most commonly found in damp places, like under shady plants and rocks. When weather conditions are too cold, wet, or dry, these ants migrate into buildings (usually in large numbers) to seek shelter.

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Odorous House Ant

Given its name from the odor that is expelled from the insect when crushed, the Tapinoma sessile, or the odorous house ant is a pest you do not want invading your home. Brown to black in color and without a stinger, these ants invade the structures and buildings across the entire United States. A typical colony contains thousands of ants and are often found under objects like wood and bricks. Also, a colony of odorous house ants will move their nest if rain affects them, and when their food supply is low, they will move to another home.

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Little Black Ant

This dark, tiny ant, or monomorium minimum, is found throughout the United States. Nesting in woodwork, masonry, and wooded areas outside, these teeny ants build trails wherever they go, often found along the foundation of a home or on sidewalks. Feeding primarily on grease, meats, produce, and sweets, these ants are huge pests in the warmest seasons.

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Acrobat Ant

Crematogaster spp, or the Acrobat Ant, refers to a group of ants found across the United States. They primarily nest themselves in moisture-rich, decaying areas like wooded areas, Styrofoam insulation, and other deserted insect homes. Feeding on both live and dead insect carcasses, these ants also enjoy sweet and high-protein food.

Learn more here.

Termite Facts

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We hear the word “termite” and automatically envision our homes encased in a plastic bubble with men in HazMat suites informing us that our home is condemned and we can’t go in and get our things because everything is covered and being eaten by termites.

Of course, termites usually do not cause such an upheaval, but they are not something you want in your home!

It’s important to be informed about all things that are affecting your home. Therefore, here are three kinds of termites and the necessary information you need to know about them:

Native Eastern Subterranean Termites american pest control

Native Eastern Subterranean Termites

These are the most common type of termites in North America. Their bodies are brown-black and about 10 millimeters long. Their colonies are usually located in the ground. Despite their size, they can eat up to about five grams of wood per day. The best treatment for native eastern subterranean termites is chemical treatments and baiting systems.

Southeastern Drywood Termites  american pest control

Southeastern Drywood Termites

Just as the name says, these drywood termites are primarily found in the southeast of the United States. They come either yellowy brown or reddish brown with 11 to 12 millimeter long bodies. These termites actually fly around to find exposed wood on your home and infest the areas. These termites are best treated with fumigation and direct wood treatment.

Formosan Termites american pest control

 

Formosan Termites

These are the real scary ones. Hailing from China, these termites are large, live in huge colonies, and are able to consume a great amount of wood. They come about 14 to 15 millimeters long and are light brown in color. Nesting both above ground and inside homes, trees, and timbers, formosan termites eat away at wood in layers. Chemical treatments, in-ground baiting systems, and direct wood treatments are necessary to rid a home of these pests.

Learn more here.

Helpful Video

Check out this great video from American Pest Control to learn more about the company.

Welcome

Thanks for visiting American Pest Control’s website to learn more facts about the pests themselves. Stay tuned for more posts.